Can a Landlord Give a Tenant Notice Without Reason?

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June 20, 2024

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Can a Landlord Give a Tenant Notice Without Reason?

Under UK law, landlords have the right to terminate a tenancy and regain possession of their property under certain conditions. The type of tenancy agreement, whether it’s an Assured Shorthold Tenancy or an Assured Tenancy, dictates the grounds and procedures for eviction.

Do I Need a Reason for Eviction?

Grounds for eviction under an Assured Shorthold Tenancy (AST)

Landlords can issue a Section 21 notice under an AST, which allows them to regain possession of the property after the fixed term ends or during a periodic tenancy without giving a reason. 

However, this notice must comply with specific legal requirements, including providing at least two months’ notice and using the correct form. It cannot be used within the first four months of the tenancy or during a fixed-term if there’s less than two months left.

Grounds for eviction under an Assured Tenancy (AT)

For ATs, landlords must have a valid reason, known as a ‘ground’ for possession, which can include rent arrears, breach of tenancy agreement or the landlord wanting to move back into the property. 

These grounds must be stated clearly in the notice, and landlords may need to provide evidence if the tenant disputes the eviction.

What Protections are there for Tenants?

Protection against unfair eviction

Under UK law, tenants are protected from unfair or illegal eviction practices. Landlords cannot evict tenants without following the correct legal procedures, such as providing adequate notice and using the appropriate forms. 

Evicting a tenant without a valid reason or not following due process can lead to legal challenges and penalties for the landlord.

Retaliatory eviction

If tenants complain about repairs or report issues with the property, landlords cannot retaliate by evicting them without cause. This is known as retaliatory eviction and is illegal in the UK. 

Tenants have the right to report repairs needed in their property without fear of eviction.

What is the Required Notice Period For Ending a Tenancy?

Notice periods

The notice period required depends on the type of tenancy and the grounds for eviction. For Section 21 notices under ASTs, landlords must provide at least two months’ notice. 

However, during a fixed-term tenancy, a Section 21 notice cannot take effect until the end of the fixed term, unless there’s a break clause allowing early termination of the tenancy agreement.

Notice procedures

Landlords must use the correct eviction notice form and serve it properly to the tenant. This usually means delivering it in person or by post, ensuring it’s received by the tenant. Proof of service is crucial to demonstrate compliance with legal requirements.

Can Tenants Challenge an Eviction Notice?

Challenging an eviction

Tenants have the right to challenge an eviction notice if they believe it’s unfair or doesn’t comply with legal requirements. They can seek advice from tenant support organisations or legal professionals to understand their rights and options for dispute resolution. Landlords similarly are protected by rights and it is important to be aware of these when beginning an legal challenges.

Court proceedings

If a tenant disputes an eviction notice, the landlord may need to apply to the court for possession. The court will consider both parties’ arguments and evidence before making a decision. 

Tenants have the opportunity to present their case and defend against eviction if they believe it’s unjustified.


While landlords in the UK can give tenants notice without providing a reason under certain circumstances, they must adhere to strict legal procedures and notice periods. Tenants are protected against unfair eviction practices and have rights to challenge eviction notices that are not valid or lawful.